Diabetes is one of the most prevalent diseases affecting American citizens today. For the elderly, this can be a life altering and crippling disease that requires constant medications, monitoring, and management. Many elderly individuals require constant care, making diabetic home health care a very good option. The registered nurses at National Nursing and Rehab can offer round-the-clock diabetic care. Home health care gives the option for a more independent lifestyle, without having constant drives to the doctor or therapist for medical care.
Type II Diabetes
The most common form of diabetes seen in the United States is Type II Diabetes. In Type II, one’s pancreas does not produce enough insulin. These means that glucose begins to build up in the bloodstream, causing the body to not function properly. In order to combat these effects, many individuals will take daily insulin injections and monitor blood glucose levels.
Type I Diabetes
Type I Diabetes is naturally occurring and happens when the immune system damages the insulin generating cells in the pancreas. Under normal circumstances, insulin is released from the pancreas when stimulated by glucose after eating. Insulin aids in the transport of nutrients into the body’s cells to be used as energy. In those with type I diabetes, the glucose is not moved into the cells to be transferred into energy. Since only the bloodstream, and not the cells, is receiving the glucose, the body sends out signals for an increase in glucose production.
Diabetes Side Effects
The side effects of diabetes can range from mild to severe. Some of the most well known side effects of diabetes include the following.
Dehydration is a common side effect of diabetes. The increase in glucose causes an increase in urination, leading to dehydration. When a diabetic individual is not receiving enough fluids to keep their bodies hydrated, life threatening complications such as Diabetic Coma may occur.
When the bloodstream is constantly carrying an abundance of glucose, it can begin to cause wear and tear on the smaller vessels of the body, including the eyes. Thus, it can lead to decreased eyesight or even blindness.
Atherosclerosis, Heart Failure, & Kidney Failure
Since vessels are affected by the glucose levels in the blood, it can lead to atherosclerosis, or a hardening of the blood vessels. This may lead to tremendous complications including a stroke or heart attack. Unfortunately, damaged vessels can also lead to kidney failure since the kidneys are unable to properly function and absorb nutrients effectively.
Damaged vessels leads to a lack of blood flow, which means decreased circulation. When an area of the body, especially the outer limbs and feet, are not receiving the proper blood flow, the tissue will not thrive. Therefore, tissue begins to necrose and large sores are left behind. Even with antibiotics, it can be difficult for a sore to heal because of the lack of blood flow that is carrying the medication.
Receiving Diabetic Management Through Home Health Care
Because of the variety of issues that are part of this devastating disease, home health care is a common option among elderly diabetic sufferers. Not only will the nurse and therapist care for the individual with the utmost attention and care, they will also train family members and friends with learning some of the basic tasks to help with the daily care of your loved one. Whether you are an individual looking for diabetic management through a home health care system like National Nursing and Rehab or have a loved one needing care, please do not hesitate to contact us with any questions that you may have concerning home health care options.