National Nursing and Rehab provide intravenous (IV) therapy services and maintenance. In essence, IV therapy is used to instill a substance directly into the blood system via a vein. The types of substances requiring the use of an IV include:
- Nutritional Fluids
- Blood Transfusions
Many medications come in both IV and oral form. However, a medication that is given directly into the blood system via an IV line is absorbed much quicker and takes effect faster. In essence, giving medications and fluids intravenously is the quickest form of delivery.
The most common locations for placing an intravenous catheter are the veins in the lower crook of the elbow and the hand. However, a catheter may be placed in a variety of other locations depending on the type of medication being delivered, accessibility of the vein, age of the patient, and length of required IV fluids and/or medications.
If an individual is receiving intravenous medications or fluids, it is important that the IV line and catheter are maintained. The IV line can get twisted, causing a kink in the line, and the failed delivery of appropriate medications. Also, if an IV line gets caught and pulled, it can ruin the integrity of the intravenous catheter.
Ensuring the catheter is viable and is properly placed inside the vein is also important. NNR’s home care nursing staff will ensure that the patient’s IV catheter is correctly placed or will replace the intravenous catheter if needed. Many times, specific medications cannot be mixed and given through the same IV line or bag. Therefore, a nurse can place a separate IV catheter in order to properly deliver medications.
If a patient is receiving vitamins, minerals, or other nutritional substances via a continual IV line, it is called a drip. The home care nurse ensures that the fluids are being properly administered at the correct rate. This is also called a flow rate. During intravenous therapy, the nurse ensures that machinery is working properly, the flow rate is maintained or adjusted as needed, and medications are being delivered properly.